Sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction refer to discomfort and impairment in the sacroiliac joint, which is located in the lower back and connects the sacrum (the triangular bone at the base of the spine) to the ilium (the large pelvic bone). The sacroiliac joint plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the upper body and transmitting forces between the spine and lower extremities.
While sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction can affect individuals of various ages and genders, certain factors may increase the likelihood of experiencing this condition. Pregnant women are more prone to sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction due to hormonal changes that loosen ligaments in preparation for childbirth, leading to increased joint mobility and potential instability.
Repetitive stress from certain occupations or activities that involve repetitive movements or prolonged periods of sitting or standing can also contribute to the development of sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction. Furthermore, age-related degenerative changes and certain conditions like arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis can make individuals more susceptible to this condition.
Below are some of the causes of sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction:
Trauma or injury: Falls, accidents, or direct blows to the sacroiliac joint can cause misalignment or damage, leading to dysfunction and pain.
Pregnancy and childbirth: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause increased joint laxity, leading to sacroiliac joint dysfunction. The pressure exerted during childbirth can also contribute to joint problems.
Leg length discrepancy: Significant differences in leg length can alter the mechanics of the pelvis and sacroiliac joint, leading to dysfunction and pain.
Muscle imbalances or weakness: Weakness or imbalance in the muscles surrounding the sacroiliac joint, such as the gluteal or core muscles, can result in abnormal joint movement and pain.
Below are some of the possible signs and symptoms of sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction:
Pain: Persistent or intermittent pain in the lower back, buttocks, hips, or groin area is a hallmark symptom of sacroiliac joint dysfunction. The pain is typically localized to one side but can occasionally affect both sides.
Difficulty standing or sitting for prolonged periods: Individuals with sacroiliac joint dysfunction often find it uncomfortable to sit or stand for long durations.
Clicking or popping sensation: Some individuals may experience a clicking or popping sensation in the sacroiliac joint during movement.
Pain with movement: Pain can be exacerbated by specific movements, such as standing up from a seated position, walking, climbing stairs, or turning in bed.
How we can help
Manual therapy: Physiotherapists may use various hands-on techniques to improve the alignment, mobility, and stability of the sacroiliac joint. This can include joint mobilizations, manipulations, soft tissue techniques, and stretching to reduce pain and restore proper joint function.
Corrective exercises: Specific exercises are prescribed to address muscle imbalances, strengthen weak muscles, and improve stability around the sacroiliac joint. These exercises may focus on the core, gluteal, and hip muscles, as well as the surrounding muscles of the trunk and pelvis.
Postural and movement education: Physiotherapists can provide guidance on proper posture and body mechanics to minimize stress on the sacroiliac joint. They may teach you how to sit, stand, walk, and perform daily activities with optimal alignment and movement patterns.
It’s important to consult a physiotherapist or healthcare professional who can tailor the treatment plan to your specific needs and condition. They will conduct a thorough assessment and develop an individualized treatment approach for your sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction.
Book an appointment with one of our health care practitioners to get started in developing a personalized rehab plan for your sacroiliac joint pain and dysfunction!